Terrific Roof Covering Tips You Ought To Have A Look At

Created by-Otte Bak

Hiring a contractor is almost as difficult as buying the house to begin with. A great home isn't all that great if it doesn't have a great roof, but you need to know what goes into maintaining one. Use the following information to make sure your roof is always protecting your home. If you have quality materials and tools at your disposal, a so-so roof can become a great one.

You should choose materials used for your roof in relation of the weather. Clay roofing is a great material if the area that you live in has a dry climate; it can help maintain a comfortable temperature inside the house. These tiles in a rainy area can make your roof deteriorate quickly. If you're not sure about this, then don't be afraid to ask.

Since replacing your roof can be one of the most expensive projects besides the cost of the home itself, make sure you know who you're hiring. Avoid the temptation to hire a friend of a friend, or inexpensive "handymen." Look for a licensed contractor who guarantees his work and comes with many good reviews and recommendations.

You should never hire the first roofing company to help you out that you see. You never know if there's going to be a better deal out there unless you shop around. Even if you end up going with the first company you looked at, it's always good to have an idea of what competitors are charging.

When you're trying to hire someone to do roofing for you, do some research first. Don't simply hire the cheapest contractor you can find. Always research all options available to you instead. Ask friends for referrals, look online, or enlist the help of a service to help you find a good contractor.




You should never go crawling around your roof seeking out damaged spots. If you have issues, find a pro to come look at it. You don't need to walk up there and have it cave in.

Avoid ice build-up on your roof in the winter time. This potentially devastating situation occurs when snow begins to melt close to the interior lining of your home, then freezes, creating a seal. That ice can remain for a long period of time with low temperatures and create leaks and warping. Proper ventilation and insulation should remedy the problem.

If you are interested in becoming more green, you can use environmentally safe materials for roofing. Recycled material consisting of used plastic, rubber and wood waste can be a great option, as well as solar panels. This can also save you money on initial costs or energy rates in the home.

See if your roofer offers a warranty. Even if you're working with an excellent contractor, mistakes can happen, and you want to be sure you're covered. Typically, most roofers offer warranties for roof replacements, but not the cost of replacements. See what's available, consider it when you're deciding who you should work with.

If you think your roof is leaking, spray it with a garden hose. This can help you find out if there's a leak and where it is. This is more cost effective than hiring a professional.

When your roof nears the time of needing a replacement, it is important to consider all of your options. Are there any repairs that can be done to postpone the replacement? If there are cheap repairs that can be done to prolong this, it may be worth it. This way you don't have to spend a large amount of money quite yet.

It's great to have a home surrounded by trees, but they can be a real burden on your roof. Trim any branches that are coming in contact with your roof. Otherwise, you may wind up replacing scratched or punctured shingles. A little extra effort goes a long way when it comes to your roof!

If you aren't able to see the roof from a ladder or the ground, think about heading up to your roof to check it out after any strong storm. Catching damage right away is the key to preventing major leaks and other problems. Every time you get through a storm, you need to look it over and be safe about it.




What To Do When You Can't Afford A Roof Repair


What To Do When You Can't Afford A Roof Repair Finding the cash to pay for roof repair upfront can be impossible. The good news is that there are several financing options available that you can use to pay for the cost of roof repair over time. For a couple hundred dollars, you may want to consider charging the costs to a credit card. Otherwise, you could also consider a personal loan.


Never hire a roofing contractor who expects a deposit up front. A good contractor has financial stability, so they won't ask you for money to cover their supplies until the supplies have been delivered to your home. Also expect a great contract which details all expenditures on your part and that of the contractor.

When you are looking to balance both longevity and affordability, consider wood shake shingles. This type of roofing can last as long as half a century, yet the price tag is quite reasonable. You also do not have to shore up your trusses to install a roof made entirely of this material.

When you are the market for a roofing repair company, take the time to conduct some research via online review sites, the local chamber of commerce and any business complaint bureaus. By spending the time necessary to do this, you stand a much better chance of finding a reputable firm with the resources to do the job properly.

If a roofer tries to get you to make quick, expensive fixes to your roof, you should be wary of doing business with them. Unfortunately, there are scam click the up coming internet site in this profession who will try to get the most amount of money for the least amount of work. Temporary repairs simply are not going to cut it, because you will find that you will have to spend a lot more money for a permanent fix in no time at all.

Take plenty of time when hiring a contractor for your roofing needs. Ask opinions of others, interview companies and do some research. After all, you're probably going to spend a lot of money. Recommendations can ensure that you get the best value.

Carefully Go scrutinize the estimates any roofing contractors submit. Make sure both you and the contractor are on the same page about the details. It should include a time estimate for the work to be completed, what the cost will be and when you are required to make your payments.

Now that you have read the article above, you should have a much better understanding of how roofing works. Make Highly recommended Internet site to remember what you have read, and refer back to this information should you ever need any roofing advice. Keeping your roof in tip top shape is extremely important in order to keep both you and your family safe.






Roofing Tips That Everybody Should Learn About

Authored by-York McGee

When you own a home, one of the most important things you have to concern yourself with is your roof. After all, your roof is your best line of defense against the elements and it helps protect the rest of your house. Use the following article to learn some helpful tips and tricks with regards to roofing.

When looking into different types of roofing material, you must take into account various factors. For example, the price range you are placing your budget in will ultimately decide what you are able to afford. A slate roof will be very expensive, however, it will last longer than your lifetime.

When you're planning on installing a new roof, choosing a material mainly comes down to how long you plan on staying in the home. If you plan on selling the house soon, material that lasts 20 years may be appropriate. If you plan keeping the house and living in it long term, you'll save money in the long run by choosing materials that last 40 years or longer.

Never try to repair a roof in the rain or snow. Climbing onto a roof when the weather is poor could result in injury or even death. Instead, do your best to contain the leak from inside your home with tarps and buckets, and wait until the weather improves before climbing on to the roof.

When you are buying shingles it is very important to go with a popular brand. This is due to the availability of the shingles for future repairs. If you decide to take a cheap option and buy shingles from a company going out of business, or the last of a certain color, you will run into problems matching the shingles for repairs down the road. If you do go with the cheap option, be sure to have extra bundles for the inevitable repairs you will need.

Be leery of anyone who randomly knocks on your door, and offers to fix your leaky roof. Unscrupulous con-men will offer to do the work, and most times run with your money, without doing any of the work at all. If you need a roofing job done, do your research and find a roofing contractor that you can trust.




Replace Your Roof with Total Roofing


Replace Your Roof with Total Roofing In Colorado we`re used to going from summer to winter all in one day.¬† But our extreme weather takes a toll on our roofs. When you need to replace your roof you want professional help. https://www.forbes.com/sites/sageworks/2018/06/03/the-roofing-industry-continues-its-upward-slope/ `s why you should call Total Roofing. Here to tell us more about why it is important to work with a reputable, local company¬† was Scott McIntyre the owner of Total Roofing.


Putting on a roof is not easy, which is why most roofers are in their twenties or thirties. Go out of your way to offer the workers a glass of lemonade or bring them out a small snack. Your thoughtfulness may be just the extra incentive they need to give you the best work possible.

When you are using a ladder to climb onto your roof, make sure that you use one that is fitted with a stabilizer. It should also be placed on a surface that is smooth and solid. In the event that you have to place it on grass or soil, dig small pits in the earth in order to steady it.

While you should leave heavy duty work up to professionals, there's lots of preventative maintenance you can do to keep your roof in great shape. Keep an eye out for shingles that need to be repaired or replaced, and make sure your flashing and underlining are in good condition. With a little effort, you can avoid big repair jobs altogether.

If you are concerned about the cost of a new roof, talk to your roofer about the possibility of purchasing some supplies yourself. This will help you save money and possibly time as well. For example, things like shingles, cement and roofing nails can be bought ahead of time. And, if you buy a little too much, you can always save the materials for when your roof needs a repair.

If your home needs a whole new roof, you may want to consider going with a green roof. Becoming more and more popular, green roofs allow for green growth, from materials like wildflowers and grass. Having these materials on your roof saves you tons of money each year and is great for the environment.

When you hire a roofing contractor, make sure you find one that guarantees his work. Read More At this website is also important that the contractor carries insurance that covers his employees on the job. You should not need to worry that your property insurance will be charged is a workers falls from your roof and is injured.

Be sure to be courteous if you are having a roof installed in your home. Warn your neighbors, especially if you have a shared driveway. You don't want to make them uncomfortable or unprepared for the people intruding their space. It will also be noisier than normal, and falling debris will be a concern, too.

Ask for references for any roofing contractor that you are considering. If they are reputable, they should have plenty of references available. If they tell you they have done work for others in your area, drive by and take a look at what they have done. Try talking to a few owners if that is an available option.




Make sure you get a detailed estimate by any contractor you are thinking of hiring to work on your roof. This estimate needs to include everything from permits, materials, cleanup and labor. It is also important that you get this estimate in writing. Any reputable business should be more than willing to provide you with one.

Ask your contractor how long he has been in business. Although a contractor with only one or two years' experience may be excellent in what he does, it is better to be safe and select someone with a minimum of five years' experience. Keep in mind that extra work experience does not always equal better work, but for the most part, this is the case.

Carefully Go scrutinize the estimates any roofing contractors submit. Make sure both you and the contractor are on the same page about the details. It should include a time estimate for the work to be completed, what the cost will be and when you are required to make your payments.

Always research prospective roofing contractors by contacting your local Better Business Bureau branch. This will allow you to see whether or not previous customers have lodged any complaints with any contractors you are thinking of hiring. The Chamber of Commerce for your location is another good place to seek information on contractors.

While you should give your gutter periodic deep cleanings, there are certain things you should get away from your gutter the moment you see them. Litter, twigs, and pine needles are all big clogging culprits, and knocking them out of the way will help you prevent problems with your own gutter.

In conclusion, it's crucial that your roof stays in the best shape possible. Use what you've just learned to keep your family safe. A bit of effort on your part now can save you from disaster in the future.






Just How To Stay On Top Of Caring For Your Roofing

Written by-Bailey Friedrichsen

Most home owners hate home maintenance. When things seem okay, you tend to forget about your roof entirely. However, you should never put off taking care of your roof. Your roof is your home's best source of protection from the elements, so you must do whatever it takes to make sure everything is in good condition. This article can show you the way.


Roof Replacement Cost: 5 Ways to Pay for It


Roof Replacement Cost: 5 Ways to Pay for It Some roofers offer payment plans to help make the roof replacement cost more affordable. With this option, you can spread out your payments over the course of several months or even years. Most plans charge you interest, which can add to the total cost of your roof replacement, so make sure you're comfortable with the interest rates and monthly payments.


If you're looking into hiring a roofer, the first question you should ask is how long the company has been in business. Someone might sound great on paper, but if they're new to the game, they may still be ironing out kinks in their business practices. You don't want to be the one they test things out on.

Have https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/renovation/a34020/when-to-replace-your-roof/ in your roof? Check out your gutters. The gutters of your home can easily become clogged, and can be a major cause of leaks, especially if they have not been cleaned recently. If you see they are filled with debris, like leaves, be sure to clean it out.

Some of the new types of roofing materials are steel panels, slate tiles and shingles formed from composite materials. These roofing choices range from average price to very expensive, and the most expensive ones can last the lifetime of the house. Consider how long you will own your home when choosing your roofing material.

It is very common for the gutters on your house to become clogged, so make sure you have them cleaned on a fairly regular basis. If you allow them to stay dirty, it will give rain a chance to build up and pool on top of your roof, which increases the chances of the roof becoming damaged.

If someone comes to your door and offers you a free roof, question their motives. more info let them up onto your roof - instead, call your insurance agency and ask them to inspect the roof. Until the insurer says you need, and will be covered for, a new roof, don't sign anything.

Copper roofs are a very expensive option. However, if you are able to afford the copper roofing material, this is a very beautiful option. As the copper ages, the copper turns a teal green color that accents most homes very well. Although this is a costly option, anyone who sees your house will be astonished.

Don't install new shingles until you've gone over your roofing materials. Too short or too long nails or weak shingles can lead to leaks. Therefore, you should ensure your shingles have no cracks and that your nails are the proper length and size to completely secure your shingles.




If you want to know if you should replace your roof, you have to take its age into consideration. Most roofs have a lifespan of twenty years before replacement is needed. If your new roof is installed over the old one, you must replace it after 20 years.

If you are trying to figure out the cause of a leak, but the problem is not obvious, you should look at the shingles in the area very closely. If they are nailed down incorrectly, are not secure or are even just slightly cracked, they could be the cause of the leak.

If you are roofing yourself, make sure you always double-check any measurements you make. Regardless of how certain you are on a measurement, one small mistake could cause you to waste valuable materials, which could result in hundreds or even thousands lost. When using pricey items, such as galvanized roof flashing, this is especially important.

The most commonly used material for roofs is asphalt, but one must consider the fact that these shingles don't last very long. If you'd rather be able to not worry about re-installing shingles, consider installing metal or tile roof material. These options have a long life span, but are a bit more costly.

If you are concerned about the cost of a new roof, talk to your roofer about the possibility of purchasing some supplies yourself. This will help you save money and possibly time as well. For example, things like shingles, cement and roofing nails can be bought ahead of time. And, if you buy a little too much, you can always save the materials for when your roof needs a repair.

You should not make the assumption that you need a new roof. Call a pro and let them look at your roof before making that decision. Why spend thousands of dollars on an entirely new roof when a few minor repairs would have sufficed?

Before you hire a roofer, ask whether he will be using a subcontractor to complete some of the work. If so, request the same types of documentation as you would for the roofer. Ask for the subcontractor's references, workers' comp insurance and proof of liability coverage. It is not enough for just the roofing company to have these items.

If you are planning to go up on your roof, wear shoes that have rubber soles. Don't take safety for granted while repairing your roof. The increased traction from rubber-soled shoes can prevent slips and falls. Roofs can be quite slick. It will be hard to stay sure footed without the proper preparation.

After the roofing work is finished, get up there and make sure everything looks good. You don't have to be an expert in construction to spot an issue or to know if something is not quite right. Do not write out the final check until you take it upon yourself to inspect the work that was done.

Talk to your family and friends about recommendations if you're seeking out a roofer. When it comes to hiring a good contractor, word of mouth can be a valuable tool. If you've worked with area contractors in the past, they might also be able to recommend someone to you. They will at least be able to get you going the right way.

You can learn a lot about the condition of your roof by looking at it from below. Spend some time in your attic and investigate the condition of your roof thoroughly. (Don't forget your flashlight!) Significant leaks will cause discoloration that should be obvious from the attic. You can also see structural faults in the rafters that are impossible to detect from outside.

Although roof work can get extremely expensive, the well-prepared homeowner takes the steps necessary to minimize damage by maintaining their roof properly. Hopefully, you've picked up a few tricks along those lines by reading this article. Keep your roof in good repair and you'll keep away a whole host of nasty problems you don't want to deal with.






Roofing Suggestions That Can Conserve You A Trouble

Created by-Lancaster Rios

The topic of roofing is a foreign concept for many people. After all, not many people enjoy climbing up on a high, unstable surface in order to find a needle in a haystack. However, by learning a little more about roofing, you can have better success in your roofing endeavors. Continue reading this article to learn some excellent advice.

Since you're going up on your roof anyway to do work, clean the gutters while you're there. Sometimes a leak can actually be the result of backed-up gutters. Try cleaning them out and then hose down the roof - if the leak doesn't reappear, you may have actually solved the problem.

If a local roofing salesman gives a high-pressure pitch, tell them no thank you, then show them the door. Stop them before you sign a contract that doesn't benefit you.

If someone comes to your door and offers you a free roof, question their motives. Don't let them up onto your roof - instead, call your insurance agency and ask them to inspect the roof. Until click here for more says you need, and will be covered for, a new roof, don't sign anything.

While giving a deposit to your roofer is normal, you shouldn't pay for the job itself until it's been completed. The rule of thumb is that the deposit shouldn't be more than 25% of the roofer's total estimate for the job. The roofer needs money in advance for materials, but they don't need to be paid for labor that hasn't been done.

If your roofing company can't fix a problem for several days, take some time to look for a quick band-aid fix. Consider nailing in a layer of heavy plastic over the leaky area. This is not a long-term fix, but it will give you a little time.

When choosing shingles, it is important you properly assess how long you would like your roof to last. For example, if you need a new roof but don't plan on living their for over ten more years, you could save money by using shingles that aren't meant for time periods longer than this. Remember, however, this has the possibility of lowering the value of your house upon the sale.

When doing work on your roof always do it with a buddy. Roofing can get dangerous and it is important for your safety to have someone with you. Working with someone else will help you should you slip or fall or get hurt in any way. This will assure you are as safe as possible.




Tesla opens up Solar Roof pre-orders, answers the most important question: how much will it cost you?


Tesla opens up Solar Roof pre-orders, answers the most important question: how much will it cost you? Tesla is tapping Google's Project Sunroof here, which uses some 3D mapping trickery to give them a rough idea of how much roof area (square footage) you've got, and how much of it is actually good for solar use. That gives them a ballpark estimate for the roof cost (including materials, installation and the cost of removing your old roof), at which point they factor in the cost of a Powerwall battery. Then they wrap in offsets like local tax credits and the money saved on your electric bill to give you a final cost after 30 years.


Always wear the appropriate footwear when venturing out onto your roof. Wearing a rubber soled boot can help you to keep your grip and has been proven to limit the rate of falls experienced by roofers. If you are unsure of the type of boot that you need you should contact an outfitter that specializes in contractors.

If you are doing your own roofing job, make sure to practice proper ergonomics. Roofing involves carrying tools up and down ladders onto the roof. Carry only what is comfortable for you. Bend from your knees and lift with your legs. Always be aware of how your back is bent, when actually installing the roofing materials.

If you are getting bids from a few different roofers, have each of them give you a list of how much the materials are and what the cost of labor is. You want to know exactly what everything is costing you, as it will allow you to compare different people more effectively.

Ask your roofing contractor to include regular maintainance inside of your contract of having it replaced. Doing this can extend the life of your roof by many years, as well as ensure that you do not have to pay out of your pocket for every little roofing problem that you have.

It is best to choose a contractor who is a member of different industry associations. Good contractors will want to keep up with the latest news, technology and techniques, and that means they will be a part of groups which discuss these topics. Not belonging to Check This Out may mean that a contractor is not as knowledgeable as he should be, and not as concerned with quality as you want him to be.

Do not pay for the roof in full before work begins. Typically, some type of deposit will be due, so think about an amount you are comfortable with. You should only pay off the final amount after the roof has been installed to your satisfaction. If you do not wait, you could be out a substantial sum of money and still be unhappy with the state of your roof.

To prevent expensive repairs later, regularly check your roof. Check that there are no missing or damaged shingles. Repair these items as needed. Also, the flashing should be in good shape and there should be no leaks inside your home. You should check the roof about once a month to avoid costly repairs later.

If you are replacing a roof yourself, always remember to lay a tarp on the ground. When you replace your roof, broken shingles and thousands of nails may fall to the ground below. If you tarp the area, you will make cleanup faster and easier. If you do not, you might find debris on your ground for months to come.

Invest in the highest quality roofing tiles your money can buy. This is especially important if you are living in the house you are remodeling. The best roofing materials for your home depend on the climate of your location, so be sure to research the best roofing tiles for your climate.




Roofing contractors that can perform a high-quality job will already have a high-quality reputation established in your area. Ask your friends and family about a specific service before investing with them. If the roofing contractor is unknown amongst the people you query, then there is probably a better option available.

Check with the BBB before you hire a roofer to make sure they have a good reputation. The best contractors should be registered with your local Better Business Bureau and you should get access to a list of complaints for the contractors who do not have a good reputation. The BBB has always been a powerful tool when dealing with any kind of contracting service.

With the above advice, you can become a better-informed homeowner that knows about roofing. After you know what you should look for and what you should do when problems arise, you'll be able to properly care for your roof. Keep track of your roof and it will continue to protect you.






Valuable Advice For Keeping Your House'S Roofing System

Authored by-Lowe McGee

It isn't easy to learn everything you want to know about roofing. Information can be hard to find, or written in a way that is difficult to understand. That's where this article comes in. It contains some of the best roofing advice available, and the tips within should be very easy to digest.

Though leaks may be the result of shingle issues, you may also need to inspect your roof's foundation. If your home's sides are dry rotted, water may enter these areas. Look at every entry point, even rotten wood, to see if the problem can be solved for good.

Avoid ice build-up on your roof in the winter time. This potentially devastating situation occurs when snow begins to melt close to the interior lining of your home, then freezes, creating a seal. That ice can remain for a long period of time with low temperatures and create leaks and warping. Proper ventilation and insulation should remedy the problem.

You should never hire the first roofing company to help you out that you see. You never know if there's going to be a better deal out there unless you shop around. Even if you end up going with the first company you looked at, it's always good to have an idea of what competitors are charging.

Avoid putting off a roof repair for any length of time, even if it seems like a minor issue. Once a shingle or two have blown off, it's much easier for the wind to get underneath the rest and blow them off too, one-by-one. Fixing your roof right away will minimize damage, saving you money.

If you have a leak in your roof and the weather is wet and/or icy, it is a good idea to wait until the weather is better to take care of it. While fixing the roof right away might seem like the best solution, you are increasing your chances of getting hurt.




6 Types of Shingles and Their Pros & Cons


6 Types of Shingles and Their Pros & Cons Shingles are merely small segments of building material installed above the underlayment, sheathing, and trusses of a roof to beautify and protect your property from outdoor elements. You'll find they come in a wide variety of materials, each with unique benefits and drawbacks. We'll cover six types of shingles here and lay out the key differences to help you find the ideal for your roof.


Saving a little time and money in the short-term will set you up for more costly repairs in the future. This might seem like a cheap alternative but more damage could occur, costing you lots of money in the long run. You want to always catch any roof problems before they get worse.

It is very common for a roofer to require you to pay a deposit before they start the job, but never pay them in full until completion. It may end up being very difficult to get a refund if you are not satisfied with their work, so seek out a contractor that requires no more than 25% up front.

A very beautiful and unique look for your roof can be created with slate roofing. This type of roof is nearly indestructible, and will last as long as your house. https://www.brownstoner.com/interiors-renovation/asbestos-remediation-tips-brooklyn-brownstone-boys-old-houses-roofing-renovation/ will need a substantial support system for slate roofing because it is quite heavy. Slate roofs can be found intact on European buildings that are hundreds of years old.

Does the company you are considering hiring to fix your roof have liability insurance? Are they registered with the WSIB? If not, consider another company, as you don't want any problems occurring on your property if the contractor isn't fully covered, otherwise you may end up in over your head.

It's not easy to choose between roofing contractors, but asking for a list of references can be a huge help. Any company which refuses to provide such a list is not one which you want to hire. Don't just ask for the list, though, be sure to call a few people on it to double check their experiences.

Never assume that your entire roof needs replacing. Call a professional for an inspection prior to making an expensive decision. https://www.realhomes.com/advice/how-to-add-value-to-a-house-20-ways-to-boost-your-homes-value may result in a perfectly sound roof.

It is very common for a roofer to require you to pay a deposit before they start the job, but never pay them in full until completion. It may end up being very difficult to get a refund if you are not satisfied with their work, so seek out a contractor that requires no more than 25% up front.

When you interview potential roofers, ask about their existing project schedule. You should know how many workers are needed to finish your project and how long the project will take to complete. Next you should ask about how many people this company employs. If the company has a number of projects, but only a few employees, they may have issues with meeting deadlines.




Any reputable roofing contractor is sure to have insurance to cover any accidents that may occur while he is working on your roof. If they're uninsured, you'll be the one who's liable for damages. Because of this, you shouldn't ever hire someone who doesn't have the proper insurance. Be sure you ask your contractor to provide proof of insurance, and don't just take their word for it. You should actually call their insurance company for additional assurance.

Before hiring a roofing business, check the Better Business Bureau website to ensure there are no previous complaints from customers. You can view complaints even if the company is not actually registered with the BBB. The BBB provides consumers with reliability reports that help them make the right choices when it comes to any business, including roofing.

Always check up on a roofing company on the Better Business Bureau before you hire them. By visiting this site, you will be able to see if any former customers had an issue with the company. If you see a problem, investigate whether or not the company made amends. Also take a look to see if the BBB gave the company a rating or not.

When working on your roof, make sure it is completely dry before you go up there. If you discover a leak while it is raining outside, you'd be better off waiting for the rain to stop and your roof to dry before heading up there. This will prevent you from slipping and hurting yourself.

While you should give your gutter periodic deep cleanings, there are certain things you should get away from your gutter the moment you see them. Litter, twigs, and pine needles are all big clogging culprits, and knocking them out of the way will help you prevent problems with your own gutter.

You may not be a roofing expert, but that doesn't mean you can't take great care of your roof. No matter what path you follow, the advice you read above should help. Don't be afraid to seek out more roofing information if you need it. Before long, people may be asking you to give them roofing tips!






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